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What's The Difference Between SEO And SEM?

SEO and SEM are two sides of the same coin. The goal of both is to drive traffic to your site for more conversions; they simply do it differently. This guide covers what makes them different — along with actionable ways to integrate SEO and SEM for high-ROI campaigns.

So, you want explosive digital results? 

You need to be on Google.

Over 3.5 billion Google searches are made every day, according to Internet Live Stats. 

The question is, what's the best way of getting your brand in the search results? 

Any SEO agency will tell you that Search Engine Optimization (SEO) gets long-term organic traffic to your site, while Search Engine Marketing (SEM) is all about faster, paid results.

So, which should you invest in – SEO or SEM? 

The truth is, digital is all about getting channels to work together. 

SEO and SEM are two sides of the same coin. The goal of both is to drive traffic to your site for more conversions – they simply do it differently.

Knowing when to use each marketing strategy can be the difference between a digital marketing campaign that soars or sinks. 

So, what’s the difference between Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and Search Engine Marketing (SEM)? How do they work together? And which should you invest in for your business?

Let’s dive in…

 

What is SEO?

Search engine optimization (SEO) is a digital marketing tactic used to increase the quality and quantity of organic search traffic to your website.

That leads to another question...

What exactly is organic search traffic? 

Any unpaid traffic from the search engine results pages (SERPS). In other words, users who click on the natural search results on Google, not paid ads, are organic search traffic.

compare insurance search results  

The top result is a paid ad, while the two below are organic results. 

Bottom line, you don’t just want any traffic; you want to attract people who are genuinely interested in your products and services and are likely to become customers.

That’s why the quality of traffic is an essential element of the SEO definition.

Once you’re getting a high quality of traffic clicking through from the SERPs, you want to increase the quantity of traffic

That’s where the magic happens – the more high-quality (AKA ready-to-convert) traffic you can drive to your website, the more chance of conversions. 

 

What tactics does SEO include?

Your SEO strategy comes down to providing search engines (and let’s face it, we’re mostly talking about Google) with what they need to give the best user experience. 

White hat SEO techniques can, therefore, be grouped like this: 

  • On-Page SEO optimizes each web page to target a keyword and appeal to search engines and users. Strategies include keyword research, content, image optimization, metatags and more.

  • Technical SEO optimizes elements of a website that are not content-related – think the backend structure and architecture of the site. Strategies set out to improve site speed, mobile friendliness, crawlability, indexing, architecture, user experience, structured data, and security. 

  • Off-page SEO builds your site’s authority and reputation through other high-quality websites. Techniques include link building, local listings, directory profiles, and forums. 

Ultimately, all of these techniques should aim to show search engines how your site ticks three important boxes: 

  • Relevancy: Google looks for pages most closely related to your keyword.

  • Authority: This is how Google determines if the content is accurate and trustworthy.

  • Usefulness: Content must be deemed useful to rank at the top of the search results.

REMEMBER – Google’s ultimate goal is to provide the best user experience.

That’s why you’ll notice that Google ranks tons of content-rich, fast and high authority sites at the top of SERPs. 

These are the pages that users want to see.

learn seo from the ultimate a-z seo guide for incredible roi

 

Why does SEO matter?

Put it this way:

Internet Live Stats claims that there are over 66,000 searches per second on Google every day. 

Then take into consideration how SEO shapes the buying experience. 

A massive 93% of all online experiences begin with a search engine, while 91.5% of all clicks take place on page one of Google.

And that's not all. 

More than 40% of online revenue comes from organic search traffic.

So, if you’re not doing what you can to get on page 1 of Google, you’re missing out on a huge amount of traffic. 

Now you know what SEO is, let’s take a look at SEM…

 

What is SEM?

Search Engine Marketing (SEM) is an umbrella term to describe any tactic that helps your site get attention on search engines results pages and increases your website traffic. 

SEM includes many of the PAID strategies to appear in search, such as Pay Per Click (PPC) ads and paid ads on Google-specific platforms (Google My Business, Google Shopping, etc.)

This means the main difference between SEO vs SEM is this. Most often, SEO is an unpaid strategy and SEM is a paid strategy. 

You might have heard that SEM also includes SEO, but that depends on the definition you use. Some digital marketers consider SEM to be an umbrella term that consists of both paid and organic tactics.

what is sem

(Source: Alexa

So, how does SEM work?

You bid for your ads to be displayed on the search advertising platform. Google Ads (formerly Google Adwords) is the most popular internet advertising platform with 37.2% of the digital ad market, compared to Facebook’s 19.6%.

You conduct keyword research (as with SEO) before creating ad campaigns that target the most profitable keywords for your niche, products or services. 

Then, when users search for those keywords, they see your ads at the top or bottom of results pages. 

Every time a user clicks on the ad, you pay the bid amount. 

 

Why does SEM matter?

SEM makes sure you are visible at the exact moment your target audience is searching for what you offer. Whether it’s paid or organic search results, on local search or Google Shopping – you’re right there ready for your potential customers to click. 

With paid search platforms like Google Ads, you are paying to be at the top of the search engine. 

Here’s why that matters for your brand:

64.6% of searchers click on Google Ads when they’re specifically looking to buy a product online. 

On top of that: 

The top 3 paid advertising spots win 46% of the clicks on the page.

No wonder it’s such a popular marketing channel! 

According to SocialMediaToday, more than 7 million advertisers invested a total of $10.1 billion in PPC ads in 2017 alone.

Chances are, your competitors are amongst them. 

 

How SEM and SEO work together 

Both SEM and SEO do the following:

  • Help your brand appear in the search results for your target audience and search terms.

  • Drive more targeted traffic to your website and content. 

  • Use keyword research to find popular search queries amongst your audience.

They just do it in different ways. 

So, stop thinking about SEO vs SEM.

Instead, look at ways you can take advantage of their different strengths and bring together for even BETTER results.

Here’s a few ways you can use SEO and SEM together. 

 

1. Get rapid results AND long-term ROI

One major reason to use SEM and SEO at the same time is because they both work to different time scales. 

Paid search is a brilliant option if you want rapid results. You can literally have a paid search ad showing to your target audience within hours.

SEO, on the other hand, takes more time. But SEO provides long-term sustainable results for revenue growth. As a rule of thumb, a targeted SEO strategy will start to produce uplifts of traffic and conversions within 6 months, however, you’ll need at least 8 to 12 months to produce high-ROI results. 

One proven approach is to use SEM to drive traffic to your website fast, while building your SEO foundations for long term success. 

 

2. Use SEM as keyword research for SEO

The speed of SEM makes it an incredible tool for testing out keywords. 

Simply tap into data from your paid search campaigns to find strong performing paid keywords. Then, optimize the keywords for organic search. 

 

3. Use paid search as a testing ground for web content and pages

Use paid search as a testing ground for site content, then apply learnings to your website. 

For example, before your update headlines and meta descriptions across your site, see which text drives the best engagement rates.

Simply split-test different ad copy variations in your PPC campaigns and see which get the best click-through rates (CTR).

Do the same for your landing pages. Creating high converting landing pages takes a hefty investment in time and budget. So, make sure it’s not in vain by testing your major elements first – such as headlines, calls to action, messages and more. 

 

4. Reduce paid search keyword bids when organic search ranks well

Every dollar counts in your paid search ads. You want to ensure no budget goes to waste. That’s where using SEM and SEO together can help. 

Paid search can show you keywords with a high cost per click, high conversion rate and a low Return on Ad Spend (ROAS). 

At the same time, organic search tells you which keywords your site ranks well for organically.

So, by sharing insights across the two channels, you can pull back on spend in areas where paid search drives a low ROAS, but the websites ranks well for organically. 

AND 

Increase focus on organic search optimization for high-value keywords that are too expensive to compete for in paid search.

How to do it:

Check the 'Paid & Organic' report in Google Ads.

First you need to link Google Adwords to Google Search Console – the platform for monitoring organic rankings and performance. 

Once the two platforms are linked, your Paid & Organic report is ready to go. 

This will help you better understand how paid ads and organic search results work together to help you reach your target audience.

Note: It only draws on stats from paid text ads, not Shopping ads or click-to-download ads.

Go to Google Ads > Reports > Predefined Reports > Basic > Paid & Organic

Then use the search result type and performance metrics to answer the following:

  • Are any organic keywords generating traffic that could be supported by paid ads? Look for queries where you only appear in organic search with no text ads.

  • Are any keywords performing well on Google Ads that I don’t rank for in organic search results?

  • Is it profitable to bid or not bid for certain search terms?

  • How does investing in paid text ad results impact my results high-value queries for organic results?

WAIT!

 

What about cannibalization?

Cannibalization of organic search results has long been a fear of search marketers. You put in all the effort into ranking high in organic search, then your paid ads campaign comes along and ruins it all. 

But actually, experts have found that there’s a rise in combined organic and paid search CTR when BOTH mediums appeared in the SERPs together, rather than choosing one over the other.

 

SEO vs SEM: Which is better for your business?

It depends. 

SEM is about getting traffic via paid ads, and SEO is more about acquiring, monitoring and optimizing for organic (unpaid) search traffic. 

Yes, you could just choose one. Some businesses opt for SEM to start out, then switch to SEO down the track. Other brands only use SEO and others invest solely in SEM. 

But as you’ve already seen, they are extremely effective in tandem, so it’s better to consider your budget, objectives and KPIs before formulating a plan that sticks. 

Overwhelmed by the options? 

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